Animal Structure & Function

Animal Structure and Function is a lecture and laboratory-based subject that explores the amazing morphological diversity of life and how this has evolved to meet essential biological functions. The course is structured around a series of key ‘biological challenges’ within which we will compare and contrast different ‘biological solutions’ to the same problem across animals ranging from corals through to apes. In the practical’s, you will learn how to classify animals and interpret their features, and develop an integrated understanding of animal diversity and the evolutionary forces that drive this. Animal structure and function refer to the anatomy and physiology of animals, encompassing their physical characteristics and biological processes that enable them to survive and thrive in their respective environments. This fundamental knowledge is essential for understanding how animals interact with their surroundings and each other. Here's an overview:

Anatomy and Structure:

Skeletal System: The skeleton provides structural support, protects internal organs, and facilitates movement. It can vary greatly among species, from exoskeletons in insects to endoskeletons in vertebrates. Muscular System: Muscles are responsible for movement by contracting and relaxing. The type and arrangement of muscles differ according to an animal's mobility and lifestyle. Circulatory System: This system includes the heart and blood vessels that transport oxygen, nutrients, and waste products throughout the body. It is crucial for metabolism and homeostasis.

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